This is a talk by the author Cory Doctorow held at the 28th Chaos Communication Congress. Here Doctorow argues that what is really at stake in the copyright wars is the fate of what he calls general purpose computers and networks. The real question we should be asking is whether we’ll be able to decide ourselves what software we run on our computers and what services we use on the Internet in the future, or whether some third party, a government or a private company, will decide that for us. Technologies like DRM and trusted computing, and laws that ban certain networking protocols are steps in the latter direction. In an increasingly computerised and networked world this comes down to the very basic issues of human rights, compared to which such questions like the profitability of the entertainment industry should be insignificant in scale. Our task as concerned netizens should be to steer the discourse towards the real underlying issues and not let the copyright lobby monopolise the agenda.